Plant Phytochemistry

Phytonutrient Profile of Gotu Kola
(Centella Asiatica)
75 Natural Phytonutrients
268 Synergistic Activities with No Side Effects!

Gotu Kola



Gotu Kola contains 75 Phytonutrients
* identified thus far by research scientists
PhytonutrientActivities
2,3-DihydrobenzofuranProoxidant
Alpha-HumuleneAntitumor
Alpha-PineneAntiacne, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Antistaphylococcic, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Insectiphile, P450-2B1-Inhibitor, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Transdermal
Alpha-TerpineolACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Allelopathic, Antiacne, Antiseptic, Insecticide, Nematicide, Sedative, Transdermal, Vulnerary
AluminumAntivaginitic, Candidicide
Ascorbic-AcidAcidulant, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, AntiAGE, AntiCrohn's, Antiaging, Antiatherosclerotic, Antidecubitic, Antidepressant, Antidote (Aluminum), Antidote (Paraquat), Antiedemic, Antigingivitic, Antihepatotoxic, Antihistaminic, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antimeasles, Antimigraine, Antimutagenic, Antiobesity, Antiorchitic, Antioxidant, Antiparkinsonian, Antiseptic, Apoptotic, Beta-Adrenergic Receptor Blocker, Beta-Glucuronidase-Inhibitor, Collagenic, Fistula-Preventive, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Mucolytic, Urinary-Acidulant, Vulnerary
Asiatic-AcidCollagenic
AsiaticosideAntiedemic, Antiinflammatory, Antituberculic, Pilogenic, Protisticide, Vulnerary
Aspartic-AcidAntimorphinic, Neuroexcitant, Roborant
AstragalinACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant
Beta-BisaboleneAntirhinoviral
Beta-CaroteneAntiPMS, Antiacne, Antiaging, Antihyperkeratotic, Antilupus, Antimastitic, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Antiphotophobic, Antiporphyric, Antiproliferant, Antistress, Antitumor, Antixerophthalmic, COX-1-Inhibitor, Colorant, Immunostimulant, Interferon-Synergist, Phagocytotic, Prooxidant, Thymoprotective
Beta-ElemeneAnticancer (Cervix), Antigliomic, Antiproliferant, Antitumor (Cervix), Apoptotic
Beta-PineneAntiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Candidicide, Insectifuge, Transdermal
Beta-SesquiphellandreneAntirhinoviral
Beta-SitosterolAndrogenic, Antiadenomic, Anticancer (Cervix), Antiedemic, Antifeedant, Antigonadotrophic, Antihyperlipoproteinaemic, Antiinflammatory, Antimutagenic, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Antiprostatitic, Antitumor (Cervix), Artemicide, Candidicide, Estrogenic, Hepatoprotective, Spermicide, Ulcerogenic
Betulinic-AcidAnthelmintic, AntiHIV, Antiedemic, Antiinflammatory, Antimelanomic, Antitumor, Apoptotic, Cytotoxic, Phospholipase-A2-Inhibitor, Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor
BrahminosideCNS-Depressant, Hypertensive, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Uterorelaxant
BrahmosideCNS-Depressant, Hypertensive, Sedative, Tranquilizer, Uterorelaxant
CalciumAntiPMS, Antiallergic, Antianxiety, Antiatherosclerotic, Antidepressant, Antidote (Aluminum), Antihypertensive, Antiinsomniac, Calcium-Channel-Blocker, Hypotensive
CampesterolAntioxidant
CampheneAllelopathic, Antilithic, Antioxidant, Hypocholesterolemic, Insectifuge
CamphorAllelopathic, Antiacne, Antifeedant, Antineuralgic, Antipruritic, Antiseptic, CNS-Stimulant, Carminative, Convulsant, Cosmetic, Deliriant, Ecbolic, Emetic, Epileptigenic, Insectifuge, Nematicide, P450-2B1-Inhibitor, Respirainhibitor, Respirastimulant, Stimulant, Transdermal, Verrucolytic, Vibriocide
Caryophyllene-OxideAntiedemic, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antitumor, Insecticide
ChromiumAntiAGE, Antiaging, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticorneotic, Antiglycosuric, Antiobesity, Hypotensive, Insulinogenic
CobaltCardiomyopathogenic, Erythrocytogenic, FLavor, Perfumery, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor
Delta-CadineneAldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Testosterone-Inducer
Elaidic-AcidAntiinflammatory
FarnesolAntiadenomic, Antimelanomic, Apoptotic, Juvabional, Nematicide, Sedative
FiberAngiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, Antihypertensive, Antiobesity, Antitumor, Hypotensive, Laxative
Gamma-TerpineneACE-Inhibitor, Acaricide, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antifeedant, Antioxidant, Insectifuge
GeraniolAnthelmintic, Antimelanomic, Antisalmonella, Antiseptic, Antitumor, Antitumor (Pancreas), Ascaricide, CNS-Stimulant, Candidicide, Emetic, Insectifuge, Insectiphile, Mycobactericide, Nematicide, Sedative
Germacrene-DPheromone
GlucoseAntiedemic, Antihepatotoxic, Antiketotic, Memory-Enhancer
Glutamic-AcidAntihyperammonemic, Antiprostatitic, Anxiolytic
GlycineAntialdosteronic, Antigastritic, Antiprostatitic, Antipruritic, Antisickling, Neuroinhibitor
InositolAntidiabetic, Sweetener
IronAntiakathisic, Antianemic
IsoquercitrinACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antielastase, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antitumor, Capillarigenic, Hypotensive, Insectiphile
Kaempferol11B-HSD-Inhibitor, 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiallergic, Antigingivitic, Antihistaminic, Antiimplantation, Antiinflammatory, Antilymphocytic, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Antiperiodontic, Antiseptic, Antistaphylococcic, Antitumor, Apoptotic, Choleretic, Copper-Chelator, Cytotoxic, Diaphoretic, Estrogenic, Hepatoprotective, Hypotensive, ICAM-1-Inhibitor, Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-Inhibitor, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-Inhibitor, Mutagenic, NO-Inhibitor, Protisticide, Teratologic, iNOS-Inhibitor
Lignoceric-AcidAntihepatotoxic
LimoneneAChE-Inhibitor, Acaricide, Antifeedant, Antiinflammatory, Antimutagenic, Antiobesity, Antiseptic, Antitumor, Antitumor (Pancreas), Apoptotic, Chemopreventive, Fungiphilic, Histaminic, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Lipolytic, Myorelaxant, Nematicide, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor, Ozone-Scavenger, Sedative, Transdermal
LinaloolAcaricide, Antiallergic, Antianaphylactic, Anticonvulsant, Antiedemic, Antihistaminic, Antiinflammatory, Antiseptic, Antishock, Bronchorelaxant, Insecticide, Insectifuge, Nematicide, Prooxidant, Sedative, Termitifuge
Linoleic-AcidAntiacne, Antianaphylactic, Antiarteriosclerotic, Antihistaminic, Antiinflammatory, Antiprostatitic, Comedolytic, Hepatoprotective, Insectifuge, Nematicide
MadecassosideAntiedemic, Antiinflammatory
MagnesiumAntiPMS, Antianginal, Antianxiety, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antiinsomniac, Antimigraine, Antineurotic, Antistroke, CNS-Depressant, Hypotensive, Insulinogenic, Myorelaxant, Uterorelaxant
ManganeseAntianemic, Antidiscotic, Antidyskinetic
MethanolAntiHIV, Antidote
MyrceneACE-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Anticonvulsant, Antimutagenic, Antioxidant, Chemopreventive, Insectifuge, Myorelaxant, P450-2B1-Inhibitor
NerolAntiseptic, Sedative
NerolidolAldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Antifeedant, Nematicide
NiacinAntiMeniere's, Antiacrodynic, Antiallergic, Antiamblyopic, Antianginal, Antichilblain, Anticonvulsant, Antihistaminic, Antiinsomnic, Antineuralgic, Antiparkinsonian, Antipellagric, Antiscotomic, Hepatoprotective, Sedative, Serotoninergic
Oleic-AcidAlpha-Reductase-Inhibitor, Anemiagenic, Antiinflammatory, Choleretic, Insectifuge
OxyasiaticosideAntibacterial, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
Palmitic-AcidAntioxidant, Nematicide, Soap
PectinAntimutagenic, Antiobesity, Chemopreventive, Demulcent, Hemostat, Peristaltic
PhellandreneHyperthermic, Irritant, Spasmogenic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
PhosphorusImmunostimulant
PotassiumAngiotensin-Receptor-Blocker, Antidepressant, Antifatigue, Antihypertensive, Cardiotoxic
PyridineCNS-Depressant
Quercetin11B-HSD-Inhibitor, 5-Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, Aldose-Reductase-Inhibitor, AntiGTF, AntiHIV, AntiPMS, Antiaging, Antiallergic, Antialzheimeran, Antianaphylactic, Antiatherosclerotic, Anticarcinomic (, Antielastase, Antiescherichic, Antifeedant, Antifibrosarcomic, Antigastric, Antihepatotoxic, Antihistaminic, Antihydrophobic, Antihypertensive, Antiinflammatory, Antileishmanic, Antimelanomic, Antimutagenic, Antimyocarditic, Antioxidant, Antipancreatitic, Antiperistaltic, Antiperoxidant, Antipharyngitic, Antipolio, Antiproliferant, Antiprostanoid, Antiprostatitic, Antithiamin, Antitrypanosomic, Bacteristat, Calmodulin-Antagonist, Candidicide, Copper-Chelator, Cytotoxic, Diaphoretic, Differentiator, Estrogenic, Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor, Hemostat, Hepatomagenic, Hepatoprotective, Insulinogenic, Juvabional, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-A-Inhibitor, Metalloproteinase-Inhibitor, Mutagenic, NADH-Oxidase-Inhibitor, NO-Inhibitor, NO-Synthase-Inhibitor, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor, P450-Inhibitor, PTK-Inhibitor, Prostaglandin-Synthesis-Inhibitor, Teratologic, iNOS-Inhibitor
RaffinoseFlatugenic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
RiboflavinAntidecubitic, Antikeratitic, Antimigraine, Antipellagric, Antiphotophobic
SaponinsAntihepatomic, Antimutagenic
SeleniumAP-1-Inhibitor, Antiacne, Antidandruff, Antidote (Mercury), Antikeshan, Antimelanomic, Antimyalgic, Antioxidant, Antiproliferant, Antitumor, Antitumor (brain), Apoptotic, Immunostimulant, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
SiliconAntiarteriosclerotic
SodiumHypertensive
Stearic-AcidCosmetic
StigmasterolAntihepatotoxic, Antiinflammatory, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Artemicide, Estrogenic, Sedative
TanninAnthelmintic, AntiHIV, Antihepatotoxic, Antihypertensive, Antilipolytic, Antimutagenic, Antiophidic, Antioxidant, Antirenitic, Antitumor, Glucosyl-Transferase-Inhibitor, Hepatoprotective, Lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, MAO-Inhibitor, Ornithine-Decarboxylase-Inhibitor
ThiaminAntialzheimeran, Antibackache, Anticardiospasmic, Anticolitic, Antidecubitic, Antifatigue, Antigastritic, Antimigraine, Antimyocarditic, Antineuralgic, Antineurasthenic, Antineuropathic, Insectifuge
TinAntiacne
TolueneEncephalopathic, Topoisomerase-II-Inhibitor, Tumor-Promoter
Trans-Beta-FarneseneInsectifuge
ZincACE-Inhibitor, AntiCrohn's, Antiacne, Antialzheimeran, Antianorexic, Antiarthritic, Anticoeliac, Anticolitic, Antidandruff, Antiherpetic, Antiinfective, Antiinsomniac, Antiobesity, Antiprostatitic, Antiseptic, Antispare-Tire, Antitinnitic, Antiviral, Astringent, Deodorant, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Insulinogenic, Vulnerary



Gotu Kola exerts 268 Activities on the Body
ActivityPhytonutrients
11b-Hsd-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
5-Lipoxygenase-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
AcaricideGamma-Terpinene, Limonene, Linalool
Ace-InhibitorAlpha-Terpineol, Astragalin, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Myrcene, Zinc
Ache-InhibitorLimonene
AcidulantAscorbic-Acid
Aldose-Reductase-InhibitorAlpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Delta-Cadinene, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Myrcene, Nerolidol, Quercetin
AllelopathicAlpha-Terpineol, Camphene, Camphor
Alpha-Reductase-InhibitorOleic-Acid
AndrogenicBeta-Sitosterol
AnemiagenicOleic-Acid
Angiotensin-Receptor-BlockerAscorbic-Acid, Fiber, Potassium
AnthelminticBetulinic-Acid, Geraniol, Tannin
AntiacneAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Beta-Carotene, Camphor, Delta-Cadinene, Linoleic-Acid, Nerolidol, Selenium, Tin, Zinc
AntiacrodynicNiacin
AntiadenomicBeta-Sitosterol, Farnesol
AntiageAscorbic-Acid, Chromium
AntiagingAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Chromium, Quercetin
AntiakathisicIron
AntialdosteronicGlycine
AntiallergicCalcium, Kaempferol, Linalool, Niacin, Quercetin
AntialzheimeranQuercetin, Thiamin, Zinc
AntiamblyopicNiacin
AntianaphylacticLinalool, Linoleic-Acid, Quercetin
AntianemicIron, Manganese
AntianginalMagnesium, Niacin
AntianorexicZinc
AntianxietyCalcium, Magnesium
AntiarterioscleroticLinoleic-Acid, Silicon
AntiarthriticZinc
AntiatheroscleroticAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Chromium, Magnesium, Quercetin
AntibackacheThiamin
AntibacterialOxyasiaticoside
Anticancer (cervix)Beta-Elemene, Beta-Sitosterol
Anticarcinomic (breast)Quercetin
AnticardiospasmicThiamin
AntichilblainNiacin
AnticoeliacZinc
AnticoliticQuercetin, Thiamin, Zinc
AnticomplementaryQuercetin
AnticonvulsantLinalool, Magnesium, Myrcene, Niacin
AnticorneoticChromium
Anticrohn'SAscorbic-Acid, Quercetin, Zinc
AntidandruffSelenium, Zinc
AntidecubiticAscorbic-Acid, Riboflavin, Thiamin
AntidepressantAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, Quercetin
AntidiabeticInositol
AntidiscoticManganese
AntidoteMethanol
Antidote (aluminum)Ascorbic-Acid, Calcium
Antidote (mercury)Selenium
Antidote (paraquat)Ascorbic-Acid
AntidyskineticManganese
AntiedemicAscorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Beta-Sitosterol, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Glucose, Linalool, Madecassoside
AntielastaseIsoquercitrin, Quercetin
AntiescherichicQuercetin
AntifatiguePotassium, Thiamin
AntifeedantAlpha-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Camphor, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Limonene, Nerolidol, Quercetin
AntifibrosarcomicQuercetin
AntigastricQuercetin
AntigastriticGlycine, Thiamin
AntigingiviticAscorbic-Acid, Kaempferol
AntigliomicBeta-Elemene
AntiglycosuricChromium
AntigonadotrophicBeta-Sitosterol
AntigtfQuercetin
AntihepatomicSaponins
AntihepatotoxicAscorbic-Acid, Glucose, Lignoceric-Acid, Quercetin, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntiherpeticZinc
AntihistaminicAscorbic-Acid, Kaempferol, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Niacin, Quercetin
AntihivBetulinic-Acid, Methanol, Quercetin, Tannin
AntihydrophobicQuercetin
AntihyperammonemicGlutamic-Acid
AntihyperkeratoticBeta-Carotene
AntihyperlipoproteinaemicBeta-Sitosterol
AntihypertensiveAscorbic-Acid, Calcium, Fiber, Magnesium, Potassium, Quercetin, Tannin
AntiimplantationKaempferol
AntiinfectiveZinc
AntiinflammatoryAlpha-Pinene, Ascorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Beta-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Elaidic-Acid, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Madecassoside, Magnesium, Oleic-Acid, Quercetin, Stigmasterol
AntiinsomniacCalcium, Magnesium, Zinc
AntiinsomnicNiacin
AntikeratiticRiboflavin
AntikeshanSelenium
AntiketoticGlucose
AntileishmanicQuercetin
AntilipolyticTannin
AntilithicCamphene
AntilupusBeta-Carotene
AntilymphocyticKaempferol
AntimastiticBeta-Carotene
AntimeaslesAscorbic-Acid
AntimelanomicBetulinic-Acid, Farnesol, Geraniol, Quercetin, Selenium
Antimeniere'SNiacin
AntimigraineAscorbic-Acid, Magnesium, Riboflavin, Thiamin
AntimorphinicAspartic-Acid
AntimutagenicAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Myrcene, Pectin, Quercetin, Saponins, Tannin
AntimyalgicSelenium
AntimyocarditicQuercetin, Thiamin
AntineuralgicCamphor, Niacin, Thiamin
AntineurasthenicThiamin
AntineuropathicThiamin
AntineuroticMagnesium
AntiobesityAscorbic-Acid, Chromium, Fiber, Limonene, Pectin, Zinc
AntiophidicBeta-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntiorchiticAscorbic-Acid
AntioxidantAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Carotene, Beta-Sitosterol, Campesterol, Camphene, Gamma-Terpinene, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Myrcene, Palmitic-Acid, Quercetin, Selenium, Stigmasterol, Tannin
AntipancreatiticQuercetin
AntiparkinsonianAscorbic-Acid, Niacin
AntipellagricNiacin, Riboflavin
AntiperiodonticKaempferol
AntiperistalticQuercetin
AntiperoxidantQuercetin
AntipharyngiticQuercetin
AntiphotophobicBeta-Carotene, Riboflavin
AntipmsBeta-Carotene, Calcium, Magnesium, Quercetin
AntipolioQuercetin
AntiporphyricBeta-Carotene
AntiproliferantBeta-Carotene, Beta-Elemene, Quercetin, Selenium
AntiprostanoidQuercetin
AntiprostatiticBeta-Sitosterol, Glutamic-Acid, Glycine, Linoleic-Acid, Quercetin, Zinc
AntipruriticCamphor, Glycine
AntireniticTannin
AntirhinoviralBeta-Bisabolene, Beta-Sesquiphellandrene
AntisalmonellaGeraniol
AntiscotomicNiacin
AntisepticAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Beta-Pinene, Camphor, Geraniol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Linalool, Nerol, Zinc
AntishockLinalool
AntisicklingGlycine
Antispare-TireZinc
AntistaphylococcicAlpha-Pinene, Kaempferol
AntistressBeta-Carotene
AntistrokeMagnesium
AntithiaminQuercetin
AntitinniticZinc
AntitrypanosomicQuercetin
AntituberculicAsiaticoside
AntitumorAlpha-Humulene, Beta-Carotene, Betulinic-Acid, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Fiber, Geraniol, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Limonene, Quercetin, Selenium, Tannin
Antitumor (brain)Selenium
Antitumor (cervix)Beta-Elemene, Beta-Sitosterol
Antitumor (pancreas)Geraniol, Limonene
Antitumor (skin)Quercetin
AntivaginiticAluminum
AntiviralZinc
AntixerophthalmicBeta-Carotene
AnxiolyticGlutamic-Acid
Ap-1-InhibitorSelenium
ApoptoticAscorbic-Acid, Beta-Elemene, Betulinic-Acid, Farnesol, Kaempferol, Limonene, Quercetin, Selenium
ArtemicideBeta-Sitosterol, Stigmasterol
AscaricideGeraniol
AstringentZinc
Atpase-InhibitorQuercetin
BacteristatQuercetin
Beta-Adrenergic Receptor BlockerAscorbic-Acid
Beta-Glucuronidase-InhibitorAscorbic-Acid
BronchorelaxantLinalool
Calcium-Channel-BlockerCalcium
Calmodulin-AntagonistQuercetin
CandidicideAluminum, Beta-Pinene, Beta-Sitosterol, Geraniol, Quercetin
CapillarigenicIsoquercitrin
CardiomyopathogenicCobalt
CardiotoxicPotassium
CarminativeCamphor
ChemopreventiveLimonene, Myrcene, Pectin
CholereticKaempferol, Oleic-Acid
Cns-DepressantBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Magnesium, Pyridine
Cns-StimulantCamphor, Geraniol
CollagenicAscorbic-Acid, Asiatic-Acid
ColorantBeta-Carotene
ComedolyticLinoleic-Acid
ConvulsantCamphor
Copper-ChelatorKaempferol, Quercetin
CosmeticCamphor, Stearic-Acid
Cox-1-InhibitorBeta-Carotene
CytotoxicBetulinic-Acid, Kaempferol, Quercetin
DeliriantCamphor
DemulcentPectin
DeodorantZinc
DiaphoreticKaempferol, Quercetin
DifferentiatorQuercetin
EcbolicCamphor
EmeticCamphor, Geraniol
EncephalopathicToluene
EpileptigenicCamphor
ErythrocytogenicCobalt
EstrogenicBeta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Quercetin, Stigmasterol
Fistula-PreventiveAscorbic-Acid
FlatugenicRaffinose
FlavorCobalt
FungiphilicLimonene
Glucosyl-Transferase-InhibitorQuercetin, Tannin
HemostatPectin, Quercetin
HepatomagenicQuercetin
HepatoprotectiveBeta-Sitosterol, Kaempferol, Linoleic-Acid, Niacin, Quercetin, Tannin
HistaminicLimonene
HypertensiveBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Sodium
HyperthermicPhellandrene
HypocholesterolemicCamphene
HypotensiveAscorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Calcium, Chromium, Fiber, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Magnesium, Zinc
Icam-1-InhibitorKaempferol
ImmunostimulantAscorbic-Acid, Astragalin, Beta-Carotene, Phosphorus, Selenium, Zinc
Inos-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
InsecticideAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Caryophyllene-Oxide, Limonene, Linalool
InsectifugeAlpha-Pinene, Beta-Pinene, Camphene, Camphor, Gamma-Terpinene, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Myrcene, Oleic-Acid, Thiamin, Trans-Beta-Farnesene
InsectiphileAlpha-Pinene, Geraniol, Isoquercitrin
InsulinogenicChromium, Magnesium, Quercetin, Zinc
Interferon-SynergistBeta-Carotene
Iodothyronine-Deiodinase-InhibitorKaempferol
IrritantPhellandrene
JuvabionalFarnesol, Quercetin
LaxativeFiber
LipolyticLimonene
Lipoxygenase-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin, Tannin
Mao-A-InhibitorQuercetin
Mao-InhibitorKaempferol, Tannin
Memory-EnhancerGlucose
Metalloproteinase-InhibitorQuercetin
MucolyticAscorbic-Acid
MutagenicKaempferol, Quercetin
MycobactericideGeraniol
MyorelaxantLimonene, Magnesium, Myrcene
Nadh-Oxidase-InhibitorQuercetin
NematicideAlpha-Terpineol, Camphor, Farnesol, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-Acid, Nerolidol, Palmitic-Acid
NeuroexcitantAspartic-Acid
NeuroinhibitorGlycine
No-InhibitorKaempferol, Quercetin
No-Synthase-InhibitorQuercetin
Ornithine-Decarboxylase-InhibitorLimonene, Quercetin, Selenium, Tannin
Ozone-ScavengerLimonene
P450-2b1-InhibitorAlpha-Pinene, Camphor, Myrcene
P450-InhibitorQuercetin
PerfumeryCobalt
PeristalticPectin
PhagocytoticBeta-Carotene
PheromoneGermacrene-D
Phospholipase-A2-InhibitorBetulinic-Acid
PilogenicAsiaticoside
Prooxidant2, 3-Dihydrobenzofuran, Beta-Carotene, Linalool
Prostaglandin-Synthesis-InhibitorBetulinic-Acid, Quercetin
ProtisticideAsiaticoside, Kaempferol
Ptk-InhibitorQuercetin
RespirainhibitorCamphor
RespirastimulantCamphor
RoborantAspartic-Acid
SedativeAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Brahminoside, Brahmoside, Farnesol, Geraniol, Limonene, Linalool, Nerol, Niacin, Stigmasterol
SerotoninergicNiacin
SoapPalmitic-Acid
SpasmogenicPhellandrene
SpermicideBeta-Sitosterol
StimulantCamphor
SweetenerInositol
TeratologicKaempferol, Quercetin
TermitifugeLinalool
Testosterone-InducerDelta-Cadinene
ThymoprotectiveBeta-Carotene
Topoisomerase-Ii-InhibitorCobalt, Oxyasiaticoside, Phellandrene, Raffinose, Toluene
TranquilizerAlpha-Pinene, Brahminoside, Brahmoside
TransdermalAlpha-Pinene, Alpha-Terpineol, Beta-Pinene, Camphor, Limonene
Tumor-PromoterOxyasiaticoside, Phellandrene, Raffinose, Toluene
TumorigenicQuercetin
Tyrosine-Kinase-InhibitorQuercetin
UlcerogenicBeta-Sitosterol
Urinary-AcidulantAscorbic-Acid
UterorelaxantBrahminoside, Brahmoside, Magnesium
VerrucolyticCamphor
VibriocideCamphor
VulneraryAlpha-Terpineol, Ascorbic-Acid, Asiaticoside, Zinc


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